Matthew Garrett: If it's not practical to redistribute free software, it's not free software in practice

Planet Debian - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 23:16
I've previously written about Canonical's obnoxious IP policy and how Mark Shuttleworth admits it's deliberately vague. After spending some time discussing specific examples with Canonical, I've been explicitly told that while Canonical will gladly give me a cost-free trademark license permitting me to redistribute unmodified Ubuntu binaries, they will not tell me what Any redistribution of modified versions of Ubuntu must be approved, certified or provided by Canonical if you are going to associate it with the Trademarks. Otherwise you must remove and replace the Trademarks and will need to recompile the source code to create your own binaries actually means.

Why does this matter? The free software definition requires that you be able to redistribute software to other people in either unmodified or modified form without needing to ask for permission first. This makes it clear that Ubuntu itself isn't free software - distributing the individual binary packages without permission is forbidden, even if they wouldn't contain any infringing trademarks[1]. This is obnoxious, but not inherently toxic. The source packages for Ubuntu could still be free software, making it fairly straightforward to build a free software equivalent.

Unfortunately, while true in theory, this isn't true in practice. The issue here is the apparently simple phrase you must remove and replace the Trademarks and will need to recompile the source code. "Trademarks" is defined later as being the words "Ubuntu", "Kubuntu", "Juju", "Landscape", "Edubuntu" and "Xubuntu" in either textual or logo form. The naive interpretation of this is that you have to remove trademarks where they'd be infringing - for instance, shipping the Ubuntu bootsplash as part of a modified product would almost certainly be clear trademark infringement, so you shouldn't do that. But that's not what the policy actually says. It insists that all trademarks be removed, whether they would embody an infringement or not. If a README says "To build this software under Ubuntu, install the following packages", a literal reading of Canonical's policy would require you to remove or replace the word "Ubuntu" even though failing to do so wouldn't be a trademark infringement. If an @ubuntu.com email address is present in a changelog, you'd have to change it. You wouldn't be able to ship the juju-core package without renaming it and the application within. If this is what the policy means, it's so impractical to be able to rebuild Ubuntu that it's not free software in any meaningful way.

This seems like a pretty ludicrous interpretation, but it's one that Canonical refuse to explicitly rule out. Compare this to Red Hat's requirements around Fedora - if you replace the fedora-logos, fedora-release and fedora-release-notes packages with your own content, you're good. A policy like this satisfies the concerns that Dustin raised over people misrepresenting their products, but still makes it easy for users to distribute modified code to other users. There's nothing whatsoever stopping Canonical from adopting a similarly unambiguous policy.

Mark has repeatedly asserted that attempts to raise this issue are mere FUD, but he won't answer you if you ask him direct questions about this policy and will insist that it's necessary to protect Ubuntu's brand. The reality is that if Debian had had an identical policy in 2004, Ubuntu wouldn't exist. The effort required to strip all Debian trademarks from the source packages would have been immense[2], and this would have had to be repeated for every release. While this policy is in place, nobody's going to be able to take Ubuntu and build something better. It's grotesquely hypocritical, especially when the Ubuntu website still talks about their belief that people should be able to distribute modifications without licensing fees.

All that's required for Canonical to deal with this problem is to follow Fedora's lead and isolate their trademarks in a small set of packages, then tell users that those packages must be replaced if distributing a modified version of Ubuntu. If they're serious about this being a branding issue, they'll do it. And if I'm right that the policy is deliberately obfuscated so Canonical can encourage people to buy licenses, they won't. It's easy for them to prove me wrong, and I'll be delighted if they do. Let's see what happens.

[1] The policy is quite clear on this. If you want to distribute something other than an unmodified Ubuntu image, you have two choices:
  1. Gain approval or certification from Canonical
  2. Remove all trademarks and recompile the source code
Note that option 2 requires you to rebuild even if there are no trademarks to remove.

[2] Especially when every source package contains a directory called "debian"…

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Jay L.ee: How To Solve Drupal 8.0.0's Requirements Problem On WampServer

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 23:02

Today is a big day for Drupal, as Drupal 8.0.0 just got released a few hours ago. So since people from all over the world will be installing it today to build websites, I'll show you guys how to solve some unusual problems that you might encounter during the installation process. When you install it on your web server, you should be most likely just fine. However, you will undoubtedly encounter the following three problems if you decide to install it on a brand new installation of WampServer (current version: 2.5):

Drupal 8.0.0 Requirements Problem

Tags: Drupal Planet
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Palantir: Drupal 8 is here

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 20:34

Drupal 8 launched today, and with it comes a host of enhancements that benefit all of us – clients and partners alike. We're particularly excited because we – alongside thousands of others – helped architect, build, and troubleshoot Drupal 8 through its entire development process. A number of those key core contributors are on the Palantir staff, too (huge thanks to Larry, Ken, Bec, Andrea, Robin, Greg, Kelsey, Joe, and Arthur, among others!).

In fact, Palantir team members have been deeply involved in Drupal 8’s development since its start, providing technical leadership for the Web Services and Context Core and Mobile initiatives, core development support, and sprint organization. We were also an anchor sponsor for the Drupal 8 Accelerate fund which raised over $250,000 for development work on Drupal 8 to get it to completion.

For our clients, this new version introduces hundreds of breakthrough features that will help you deliver the right experience and content for your users, regardless of their location or the device on which they are viewing your site (not to mention how your editors are publishing content).

  • Mobile-first: Allows content authors to publish content on any device. The entire Drupal 8 user interface has been made responsive.
  • Multichannel, Dynamic Content Delivery: Delivers content “as a service” to any site, device, native application, or emerging channel with RESTful APIs.
  • Front-end Flexibility: Embraces client-side frameworks like Ember.js, Angular, and Backbone so front-end developers can get creative with experience delivery.
  • Enhanced Usability: Offers a reimagined, easier-to-use authoring experience, with a new editor tool and streamlined in-line, in-context authoring.
  • Translation and Globalization: Designed to support global digital strategies, Drupal 8 transforms content management localization.
  • Faster Development: Introduces an object-oriented web development framework and includes built-in Symfony components, staged configuration management, and improved unit testing support.
  • Faster Dynamic Content: Accelerates content delivery with dynamic caching for personalized, data-driven user experiences.

We've shared a great deal on Drupal 8 in the past with Larry "Crell" Garfield's D8FTW! blog series and subsequent world tour, other keynotes and presentations, and CEO Tiffany Farriss' keynote for Chicago-based Midcamp, not to mention our Founder and CEO George DeMet's recent post on what Drupal 8 means for sites of the future.

We truly look forward to sharing our vast Drupal 8 knowledge and expertise for our clients, and continuing to act as mentors and thought leaders in our Drupal development community.

For partners like Palantir, Drupal 8 provides us a powerful object-oriented, API-based architecture that enables us to do what we do best with custom PHP code, and makes it even easier for us to create code that makes Drupal play nice with countless PHP technologies and third-party integrations that so many of our clients rely on. We love this flexibility, and the fact that it modernizes the platform in a really important way.

Dries Buytaert, creator and project lead of Drupal and co-founder of Acquia says Drupal 8, “...provides a modern development framework, a reimagined user experience, and tools that empower builders to create digital experiences that are multilingual, mobile and highly personalized."

This is important for our clients since it enables them to meet their business goals more quickly. And we can use our strategy, design, and development expertise combined with our decade of Drupal experience to provide you and your audience a world-class, truly sustainable solution for years to come.

Curious about Drupal 8, and what it means for your organization?
Get in touch today, and we'll be happy to provide even more reasons why this modern, open source solution is not only an incredibly compelling choice for you, but the right one.

Let's all raise our a glass to toast Drupal 8's release, and what it means for all of us. Cheers!

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Chapter Three: 8 Months of Drupal 8 On Production

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 19:21

As we get ready for our Drupal 8 release party today, over here at Chapter Three, Drupal 8 is starting to feel a lot more like business as usual. We launched our first Drupal 8 production site on 4/11/2015. In the intervening 8 months, we've built a few other Drupal 8 projects, and our team has learned a whole lot about what it means to do continuous development on this new version of Drupal.

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Lullabot: The Lullabot Podcast is back! Drupal 8! The Past! The Future!

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 18:21
Drupal 8 is here! The Lullabot Podcast is back! It's an exciting time to be alive. We talk about where we've been, before we look ahead to see where we're going. Oh, and we want to hear from you. Leave us listener feedback at 1-877-LULLABOT x789.
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Wim Leers: Drupal 8: BigPipe module ready

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 15:55

I’m happy to announce that Fabian Franz and I managed to get a first release of BigPipe published today, coinciding with the Drupal 8.0.0 release!

Rather than explaining what it does, see for yourself:

(That’s with 2 slow blocks that take 3 s to render. Only one is cacheable. Hence the page load takes ~6 s with cold caches, ~3 s with warm caches.)

Go download BigPipe 8.x-1.0-beta1!1

Fastest Drupal yet!

After Drupal 8 already shipping with both the Page Cache and Dynamic Page Cache enabled by default earlier, this is the third and final step in our quest to make the entire web fast.

  • Fast anonymous user page loads: Page Cache — entire page is cached.
  • Fast authenticated user page loads: BigPipe — majority of page including main content is cached (thanks to Dynamic Page Cache) and sent first, the rest is rendered later and streamed.

Go and enjoy the fastest Drupal yet!2

P.S.: none of this would have been possible without my employer Acquia, whom sponsored both my time and Fabian’s to make BigPipe a reality.

  1. We were able to release it today because the code was ready: it was developed over the course of several months in a Drupal core issue and “just” moved into a module, with every commit matching a comment in the issue, to make it easier to understand how the code base got to this point. 

  2. And please report any issues you encounter at d.o/project/issues/big_pipe — depending on how well BigPipe works in the real world during Drupal 8.0.x, we should be able to get it into Drupal 8.1.x core! 

  • Acquia
  • Drupal
  • performance
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Dries Buytaert: Drupal 8.0.0 released

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 15:54

We just released Drupal 8.0.0! Today really marks the beginning of a new era for Drupal. Over the course of almost five years, we've brought the work of more than 3,000 contributors together to make something that is more flexible, more innovative, more easy to use, and more scalable.

Drupal 8 has been a big transformation for our community. This particular reboot has taken one-third of Drupal's lifespan to complete. In the process we've learned that reinvention doesn't come easily or quickly. There are huge market forces happening around us, and we can't exactly look away. Mobile is moving our society to near-universal, global internet access. Most companies have begun to transform themselves digitally, leaving established business models and old business processes in the dust. Digital experience builders are turning to platforms that give them greater flexibility, better usability, better integrations, and faster innovation. The pace of change in the digital world has become dizzying. If we were to ignore these market forces, Drupal would be caught flat-footed and quickly become irrelevant.

But we didn't. I'm proud to see that we've responded to these market forces with Drupal 8, and delivered a robust, solid product that can be used to build next-generation websites, web applications and digital experiences. We've implemented a more modern development framework, reimagined the usability and authoring experience, and made technical improvements that will help us build for the multilingual, mobile and highly personalized experiences of the future. From how we model content and get content in and out the system, to how we build and assemble experiences on various devices, to how we scale that to millions and millions of pageviews -- it all got much better with Drupal 8.

I'm personally incredibly proud of this release. Drupal 8 is the result of years of hard work and innovation by thousands of people, with lots of attention to detail at every level. Congratulations to everyone who stepped up to contribute; this was only possible thanks to your persistence and tireless hard work. It took a lot of learning, our best thinking and our best people to create Drupal 8, and I'm very, very proud of what we have accomplished together.

For 15 years, I have believed that Open Source offers significant advantages to proprietary solutions through superior innovation. Today, I believe that more than ever. Drupal 8 is another key milestone in helping us win and doing what is best for an open web. Of course, our job is not done but now is the time to have fun and celebrate this monumental milestone. Tonight, we'll be hosting more than 200 parties around the world! (It's also my 37th birthday today and the release of Drupal 8 along with all those parties is pretty much the best present ever!)

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Annertech: At last, Drupal 8 is here!

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 15:48
At last, Drupal 8 is here!

Drupal 8, which we previously called "the most brilliantly amazing responsive accessible version of Drupal to be released so far", has just been released. This is major news for three reasons.

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Don't Panic: A blog about Drupal: Screencasting again!

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 15:47

Ever since I started using Drupal I've wanted to share the knowledge I have gathered around Drupal. I did some screncasts a couple of years ago, in Swedish, and they were appreciated. Then, time disappeared, other projects ate my time. Since I teach the basics of Drupal at schools and more specialized educations for companies, I've never given up on the dream of continuing the screencasts in some way.

Earlier this year the company I work for, Kodamera, gave me green light to make screencasts about Drupal. My dream has come true! A website was put together to promote the episodes and so far I have made five screencasts on Drupal. My greatest challenge will be to do these screencasts in English, since it's only my second language. Though, growing up with Monty Python get straight A's in school when it came to learing English should help a litte.

Since a stable version of Drupal 8 has been released now, I'm planning a whole series of screencasts to cover the basics of Drupal, how to get to know the system. These are not meant for us who already know Drupal, instead they are meant to give newcomers and people who are curious of Drupal a good start. The first screencast - how to install MAMP and Drupal - was released earlier this week.

I also wrote a loooong blogpost on how to install MAMP: http://screencast.kodamera.se/drupal-introduction-and-installation

Hopefully I will do a good job recording these screencasts, and I will do my best to include some good jokes and something from Monty Python now and then. ("Nobody expects the Spanish inquistion!")

If you want to know when I do a new screencast, subscribe to the playlists on YouTube, check the official Twitter account or follow me on Twitter, I'll retweet the tweets.

See you around!

// Adam

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Zivtech: Get Down with Drupal 8: #celebr8D8

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 15:19
Wait no more.

Today marks the long awaited release of Drupal 8! Join Zivtech on Friday, November 20 from 6 to 9 pm for Drupal 8 Release Jawn: Drupal Release Party, Philly Style.

There will be cake. And beer. And more beer. It's Friday! RSVP here. If you're into social media, check out that #celebr8D8 hashtag to see all the D8 parties around the world.
Terms: Publishing Workflow Ready for Publishing
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Mediacurrent: Mediacurrent Celebrates the Official Release of Drupal 8

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 15:05

The Mediacurrent team has been preparing for Drupal 8 since development first began in 2011. Four years of community-wide learning, contributing and developing have lead to this day: the official release of Drupal 8.0. It’s time to celebrate!

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tanay.co.in: #celebr8d8 - Celebrate Drupal 8 Bahubali Style

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 13:45

Drupal Art has always been special for me. Here was today’s work to celebrate the release of D8 Bahubali style. Bahubali is definitely one of the greatest movies Indian cinema has produced so far. If you haven’t had a chance to watch it yet, you should definitely consider doing it. The movie is available on Google Play Store with English Subtitles!

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Miriam Ruiz: Projects, Conflicts and Emotions

Planet Debian - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 13:09

The Debian Project includes many people, groups and teams with different goals, priorities and ways of doing things. Diversity is a good thing, and the results of the continuous interaction, cooperation and competition among different points of view and components make up a successful developing framework both in Debian and in other Free / Libre / Open Source Software communities.

The cost of this evolutionary paradigm is that sometimes there are subprojects that might have been extremely successful and useful that are surpassed by newer approaches, or that have to compete with alternative approaches that were not there before, and which might pursue different goals or have a different way of doing things that their developers find preferable in terms of modularity, scalability, stability, maintenance, aesthetics or any other reason.

Whenever this happens, the emotional impact on the person or group of people that are behind the established component (or process, or organizational structure), that is being questioned and put under test by the newer approach can be important, particularly when they have invested a lot of time and effort and a considerable amount of emotional energy doing a great job for many years. Something they should be thanked for.

This might be particularly hard when -for whatever reason- the communication between both teams is not too fluent or constant, and sometimes the author or authors of the solution that was considered mainstream until then might feel left out and their territory stolen. As generally development teams and technical people in the Free / Libre / Open Source world are more focused on results than on relationships, projects are generally not too good at managing this (emotional, relational) situations, even though they (we) are gradually learning and improving.

What has happened with the Debian Live Project is indeed a hurtful situation, even though it’s probably an unavoidable one. The Debian Live Project has done a great job for many years and it is sad to see it dying abruptly. A new competing approach is on its way with a different set of priorities and different way of doing things, and all that can be done at the moment is to thank Daniel for all his work, as well as everyone who has made the Debian Live Project successful for so many years, also thank the people who are investing their time and effort in developing something that might be even better. Lets wait and see.

Source of the image: Conflict Modes and Managerial Styles by Ed Batista

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Wim Leers: Drupal 8 release day: docs polished & ready!

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 12:04

Later today, Drupal 8 will be released! At this time, good docs are of course crucial.

As the maintainer and de facto co-maintainer of several Drupal 8 core modules and subsystems, I spent the last several days making sure that the documentation is up-to-date for:

  • the Text Editor module (editor)
  • the CKEditor module (ckeditor)
  • the Quick Edit module (quickedit)
  • the Filter module (filter)
  • the Cache system
  • the Render system (specifically the render caching part)
  • the Asset Library system

The following drupal.org handbook pages have been either received minor updates, received complete overhauls or were written from scratch:


P.S.: if you find anything unclear on those pages, ping me in #drupal-contribute — I want to make sure these docs are as clear and helpful as possible.

  1. Yep, the render pipeline diagram was updated too! It was still accurate, but it was missing one important concept that was added in the past year: placeholders, which is what enables BigPipe

  • Acquia
  • Drupal
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Localize.drupal.org: Translation not complete on Drupal 8 release day? No problem!

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 11:30

First, I'd like to congratulate all teams who worked hard to get to significant completeness of Drupal 8 translations, lead by the Ukrainian and Hungarian teams who are 100% complete and the Spanish team which is close to complete too. The French, Dutch, Danish, Finnish, Japanese and Romanian teams were also hard at work and are all over 70% translated. When you are installing Drupal, there is no special task to do to install in any of the supported languages, just select that on the first screen. The translations ready at that time will be downloaded and used.

Is it a problem at all though if a translation is not complete yet when you install? I don't think so. With prior Drupal core releases, there was a huge significance of complete translations at release time because whatever people used to install Drupal was used to create all their default configuration. Content types, fields, menus, input formats and so on. Even though we have the very handy Localization update module for Drupal 6 and 7, it could not help update configuration that was already created.

In Drupal 8 we solved that problem by applying built-in translation updates to the shipped configuration as well, so if your translation does not have complete coverage yet for the shipped views, fields, contact forms, tours, etc. those will be updated later on seamlessly. Drupal also of course supports making local changes to those which would not be overwritten later with translation updates. To take advantage of this feature (which is not enabled by default), either run a manual update at Administration > Reports > Available translation updates or turn on automated updates with cron at Administration > Configuration > Regional and language > User interface translation and sit back and enjoy your Drupal 8 continually improving with translation fixes automatically.

News tags: D8MI newsDrupal planetSite news
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OpenLucius: Headless Drupal | Serving a XML sitemap of Drupal via Node.js / Express

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 09:57

In our search to develop a headless Drupal website, we stumbled across the XML sitemap. This is needed to inform search engines, like Google, about the organization of your site content and to submit content updates. As a result you will receive reports about indexed links, broken links, duplicate content and other errors on your Drupal website.

With this knowledge it is possible to implement optimizations and it let’s your Drupal website achieve a higher SEO score. You can post the XML sitemap in the Search console of Google (Tools for webmasters).

Generating a sitemap in Drupal is relatively easy with the XML sitemap module. This is a stable module that let’s you generate a sitemap relatively quickly.

But there is no such ready-to-use content in Node.js / Express JS. To put it in simple words, the content is loaded externally (from Drupal) and transferred to the client. But since the XML sitemap is essential for SEO, we searched for a way to implement it in Node.JS. Here’s how we pulled this off:

1. Install the XML sitemap module in Drupal
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Zyxware Technologies: Exploring Symfony2 in Drupal 8

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 05:31

With Drupal 8 just around the corner, every Drupal developer is in a nirvana of excitement and eagerness. Drupal keeps getting better and better every day and Drupal 8 will make website development and management a five-finger exercise, because this latest version of Drupal has included some amazing and potent Symfony components to serve the big businesses better.

Drupal Development servicesDrupal DevelopmentDrupal 8Drupal Planet
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Cocomore: Drupal 8 is here - come and join us at our release parties

Planet Drupal - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 00:00

Drupal 8 will be released at November 19th and there will be release parties all over the world. Our Cocomoris will celebrate at different locations too. Take a look, where you can meet them!

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